Journal Article

Absence attributed to incapacity and occupational disease/accidents among female and male workers in the fish-processing industry

B. Pålsson, U. Strömberg, K. Ohlsson and S. Skerfving

in Occupational Medicine

Published on behalf of Society of Occupational Medicine

Volume 48, issue 5, pages 289-295
Published in print July 1998 | ISSN: 0962-7480
Published online July 1998 | e-ISSN: 1471-8405 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/occmed/48.5.289
Absence attributed to incapacity and occupational disease/accidents among female and male workers in the fish-processing industry

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Sick-leave between 1984 and 1989 was higher among both female (n=515) and male (n=304) fish-processing workers [observed/expected (O/E) 2.24 and 1.69, respectively] than among non-exposed groups (0.62 and 0.89). Diagnoses in the musculoskeletal system dominated (i.e., neck/upper limbs; females, exposed vs. non-exposed workers: 30 vs. 12%: males: 11 vs. 5.8%). In subjects who left employment, the O/E-ratio decreased (females: 3.02 vs. 1.55; males: 2.40 vs. 1.55). Among those women hired before the start of the observation period, exposed subjects had higher frequencies of sick-leave than non-exposed, for both total illness and musculoskeletal diagnoses. In the men, there were corresponding differences, though not fully statistically significant. Reported occupational diseases [O/E: females: 4.5; (95% confidence interval) Cl=3.2–6.1; males: 2.3; Cl=1.3–3.9] and accidents (females: 4.3; Cl=3.0–5.9; males: 1.8; Cl=1.2=2.7) were also higher in female than in male fish-processing workers, and much higher than in non-exposed workers. In conclusion, work in the fish-processing industry was associated with increased frequencies of sick-leave, especially because of diagnoses of the musculoskeletal system, and occupational disorders and accidents, in particular among female workers.

Keywords: Musculoskeletal disease; neck; occupational disease; occupational accident; repetitive work; social insurance; sickness cash benefit; upper limbs; work environment

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Occupational Medicine

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