Journal Article

Absenteeism and mortality of workers exposed to electromagnetic fields in the French Electricity Company

A. Chevalier, M. Souques, F. Coing, W. Dab and J. Lambrozo

in Occupational Medicine

Published on behalf of Society of Occupational Medicine

Volume 49, issue 8, pages 517-524
Published in print November 1999 | ISSN: 0962-7480
Published online November 1999 | e-ISSN: 1471-8405 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/occmed/49.8.517
Absenteeism and mortality of workers exposed to electromagnetic fields in the French Electricity Company

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The objective of this study was to describe the health status of electricity workers exposed to electromagnetic fields during their job. Two groups of exposed workers were studied from 1978 to 1993: the live line workers (n = 121) and the substation workers (n = 232.7) of the French Electricity Company (EDF). A control group was randomly selected from all the company non-management male employees; one control for each exposed subject was matched for the first year of employment. Absenteeism indices and mortality rates were computed and compared in the exposed and control groups. The absence rates were 1 .98% in the substation workers and 2.5% in the control group (p<0.001) and 2.7% in the live-line workers and 2.8% in the control group (NS). No effect of the length of exposure was found. However the medical causes of sickness absence were different: exposed employees had less psychiatric and respiratory diseases but more accidents at work than their control group. Relative risks of accidents at work were 1.2 [95% confidence interval (Cl) = 1.08–1.33] for substation workers and 3.22 (Cl = 1.78–5.88) for live line workers. EDF electromagnetic field exposed workers seemed not to be affected by any specific health problems except for an excess of accidents at work.

Keywords: Electromagnetic fields; epidemiological surveillance; health status

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Occupational Medicine

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