Journal Article

Development of a short form of the Workstyle measure

Michael Feuerstein and Rena A. Nicholas

in Occupational Medicine

Published on behalf of Society of Occupational Medicine

Volume 56, issue 2, pages 94-99
Published in print March 2006 | ISSN: 0962-7480
Published online December 2005 | e-ISSN: 1471-8405 | DOI:
Development of a short form of the Workstyle measure

Show Summary Details


Background ‘Workstyle’, or how a worker behaviourally, cognitively and physiologically responds to increased or stressful work demands, has been proposed to help explain the link between ergonomic and psychosocial factors in work-related upper limb disorder symptoms and disorders (WRULD).

Aim To describe the psychometric properties of a shortened version of the original Workstyle measure.

Methods Factor analyses of the Workstyle measure items were conducted to reduce the number of total items. Each of the subscales was then further reduced by randomly selecting half of the items within each subscale. Additionally, two subscales from the original survey (Pain/Tension and Numbness/Tingling) were eliminated because they were not used to calculate the original workstyle total score in order to reduce the influence of current symptoms on an individual's total score.

Results The Workstyle Short Form was reduced to 32 items. Cronbach's α was 0.89 and the test–retest reliability was r = 0.88, P < 0.01, for the total score. The short form score was significantly correlated with the full workstyle total score, r = 0.98, P < 0.01. Higher total workstyle scores were significantly associated with pain, functional limitations and adverse mental and physical health.

Conclusion The Workstyle Short Form demonstrated acceptable psychometric properties. These findings indicate its potential utility in research on WRULD.

Keywords: Ergonomics; job stress; occupational; pain; risk factors; upper limb symptoms; workstyle; WRULD

Journal Article.  3358 words. 

Subjects: Occupational Medicine

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.