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ABCDE


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A mnemonic for a step-by-step assessment of an athlete who collapses on the field of play. A = Airway and cervical spine (ensure that the airway is clear; suspect a cervical spine injury if the athlete becomes unconscious after an injury to the head or above the collar bone). B = Breathing (look and listen for spontaneous breathing). C = Circulation (check the carotid pulse for quality, rate, and regularity; if the pulse is absent, start external cardiac massage); D = Disability (for a limited neurological examination, See the AVPU mnemonic); E = Exposure (check extremities and other body parts for bleeding, fractures, and contusions).

Subjects: Dentistry — Sports and Exercise Medicine.


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