(b. 1913; d. 1998)
Also known as Bint al-Shati. Egyptian writer and professor of Arabic language and literature and Quranic studies. Wrote more than sixty books on Arabic literature, Quran interpretation, lives of women in the early Muslim community (especially members of Muhammad's family), and contemporary social issues, as well as works of fiction. Is recognized and respected throughout the Arab world. Takes a literary, rather than traditional, approach to Quranic exegesis, arguing against multiple interpretations of verses in favor of single interpretations based on the use of the word in the Quran as whole. Rejects the use of external sources in Quran interpretation. Insists that women's liberation does not abandon traditional Islamic values.