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abhibhāyatana


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(Skt.). The ‘eight masteries’, or eight fields of the mastery or control of perception. These are meditational exercises described in the Pāli Canon similar to those using coloured objects (kasiṇa) but in this case based on features or areas of one's own body as the focus of concentration in order to transcend the Desire Realm (kāma-dhātu). The eight masteries are: (1) perception of forms (colours and shapes) externally on one's body and limited forms beyond it; (2) perception of forms externally on one's body and of unlimited external forms beyond it; (3) the non-perception of forms on one's own body and the perception of small external forms; (4) the non-perception of forms on one's body and the perception of large external forms; (5)–(8) no forms are perceived on one's own body but the colours blue, yellow, white, and red are perceived in that order. Items (5)–(8) are identical with kasiṇa exercises (5)–(8), and with the third stage of the eight liberations (aṣṭa-vimokṣa).

(1) perception of forms (colours and shapes) externally on one's body and limited forms beyond it; (2) perception of forms externally on one's body and of unlimited external forms beyond it; (3) the non-perception of forms on one's own body and the perception of small external forms; (4) the non-perception of forms on one's body and the perception of large external forms; (5)–(8) no forms are perceived on one's own body but the colours blue, yellow, white, and red are perceived in that order.

Subjects: Buddhism.


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