(1843–1920), influential British photographic scientist whose early interest in photography was encouraged by the army while he was a junior officer in the Royal Engineers. Following service in India, Abney became an instructor in chemistry and photography at the School of Military Engineering, Chatham, a post that allowed him to undertake photographic research and devise a new photolithographic printing process. He left Chatham in 1877 to become a civil servant in the Department of Science and Art, where he soon became a major figure in British photography.
From The Oxford Companion to the Photograph in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Photography and Photographs.