Yehezkel Abramsky

(c. 1886—1976) rabbinic scholar and Orthodox Jewish leader

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(1886–1976), rabbi and scholar. He was born in Lithuania and studied at the yeshivot of Tels, Mir, and Slobodka. He was also a student of R. Ḥayyim Soloveichik of Brisk and of R. Ḥayyim ʿOzer Grodzinski of Vilna. After World War I, Abramsky became rabbi of Slutsk and later of Smolensk. In 1928 he was permitted by the Soviet authorities to publish a journal (which he edited with S. Y. Zevin), Yagdil Torah, on halakhic issues. However, in 1930 he was sentenced to hard labor for his efforts to strengthen Judaism in the Soviet Union. Released in 1932 after international appeals for clemency, he immigrated to London, where he worked to strengthen traditional Jewish life in England, becoming rabbi of the Maḥzike ha-Das synagogue and dayyan (judge) of the London beit din (rabbinic court). In 1951 he retired and moved to Jerusalem. In Israel, he was appointed a member of Agudat Israel's Moʿetset Gedolei ha-Torah (rabbinic leadership council) and became a significant and influential figure in Israeli Orthodox circles. He was also president of the Vaʿad ha-Yeshivot (Council of Yeshivot).


From The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies.

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