The process of observing students' academic progress in one or more subject over a period of time. It is used by teachers to compare the performance of a particular student to that of his/her classmates and to identify students who are struggling, excelling, or underachieving. Information for examining students' progress is usually collected in the form of test marks and teacher assessment levels or grades. These are often recorded on tracking sheets, or progress reports, which can then be issued to parents at intervals during the academic year. Usual practice is for these documents to be completed three times annually in order to illustrate a student's level of achievement at the beginning, middle, and end of the school year. The same documentation can also be used on a whole-school level by the senior leadership team, in order to assess the success of intervention strategies, and also to monitor the effectiveness of teaching across all subjects. Academic monitoring is useful to pupils because it allows them to become aware of their examination prospects and any disparity between their current and predicted performance.
I. F. W.