Adjustments which are made which enable students with particular needs to access tests and exams. Such arrangements must not give students an unfair advantage. Students entitled to access arrangements are those who have a statement of special educational needs (SEN), who are at school action or school action plus of the SEN Code of Practice, and who receive special educational provision. Students whose access to the tests is significantly impaired by a learning difficulty or a disability may also qualify. Students who have difficulty concentrating may also be entitled, as are those whose first language is not English or who lack fluency in English. Typical access arrangements include the use of readers, amanuenses, scribes, and transcripts. Rest breaks can be given. Schools and colleges are required to give evidence of a history of special provision in support of a request for special access arrangements. Guidance for the correct use of access arrangements can be found in the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority's guidance on access arrangements for pupils with particular needs.
Department for Education and Skills Code of Practice for Special Educational Needs (Revised) DfES/581/2001 (DfES, 2001).