was founded c.580 bc by the Geloans in central southern Sicily. One of the largest and richest Greek cities, it occupied a large bowl of land, rising to a lofty acropolis on the north side. Its early acquisition of power was owed to Phalaris, the first important Sicilian tyrant. In 480 Theron was the ally of Gelon in his victory at Himera. After expelling Theron's son, Acragas had a limited democratic government, in which Empedocles, its most famous citizen, took part. Acragantine 6th‐ and 5th‐cent. prosperity is attested by a remarkable series of temples, the remains of which are among the most impressive of any Greek city, and by its extensive, wealthy necropoleis.
Subjects: Classical Studies.