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Actium


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A flat sandy promontory at the entrance to the Ambracian Gulf, forming part of the territory of Anactorium, as well as the NW extremity of Acarnania. A cult of Apollo was located here as early as the 6th cent. bc. A temple stood on a low hill near the tip of the promontory, where games were celebrated in honour of the god as late as the end of the 3rd cent. In 31 bc the cape was the site of Marcus Antonius' camp, and gave its name to the naval battle, fought just outside the gulf, in which he was defeated by Octavian. A few years later, when Octavian founded Nicopolis (‘victory city’) on the opposite side of the strait, he took care to enlarge Apollo's sanctuary at Actium by rebuilding the old temple and adding a monumental naval trophy.

Subjects: Classical Studies.


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