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A decision by a court that a defendant accused of a crime is not guilty. A court must acquit a defendant following a verdict of not guilty or a successful plea of * autrefois acquit or * autrefois convict. Once acquitted, a defendant cannot be retried for the same crime unless there is important new evidence (see double jeopardy); however, an acquittal in a criminal court does not bind civil courts.

Subjects: Law.

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