actor-network theory

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insists that researchers should refute all pre-given distinction between classes of possible actors, rejecting artificial divides such as local/global, agency/structure, natural/social, and so on, and focusing on network building and network consolidation. Humans and non-humans alike are treated as possible actors; each giving meaning to any situation. The basis of every action and decision depends on the actor's subjective interpretations, which are made and mutually adjusted in interaction with others.

Smith (2003) PHG27, 5 argues that neither global networks, nor space and time, are static and fixed, but are made, remade, and unmade. He describes the way, with ANT, global cities can be viewed and researched as intermediaries in networks. For a clear demonstration of the application of ANT to a geographical topic, see Johannessen (2005) Tourist Studs. 5, 2.

Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography — Literary Theory and Cultural Studies.

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