Abp. of St Andrews from 1576. He became involved in controversy with the Presbyterian party. He won the support of James VI (I), but his disfavour with the General Assembly increased and his Declaration of the King's Majesty's Intention and Meaning towards the late Acts of Parliament (1585) provoked much hostility. His character and opinions were attacked at the Synod of Fife (1586), which excommunicated him.