Robert Adamson was born in Edinburgh and died prematurely in Glasgow on 5 February 1902. Of precocious intelligence, he enrolled at the University of Edinburgh in 1866, where he obtained a degree in mental philosophy in 1870. After a period spent in Heidelberg for purposes of study, in 1872 he returned to Edinburgh as an assistant, first to Henry Calderwood and then to Alexander Campbell Fraser. In 1874, at the age of only twenty-two, he was entrusted with the directorship of the philosophical section of the Encyclopaedia Britannica, for which he wrote several important articles on logic, republished many years later in the form of a single work. In 1876, at the age of twenty-four, he was appointed to the Chair of Logic and Philosophy at Owens College, Manchester, from where he moved in 1893 to the Chair of Logic at Aberdeen and, two years later, to that of Logic in Glasgow.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.