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In nonverbal communication, acts involving physical manipulation that serve to manage stress or tension. These include self-adaptors (see self-touch); alter-adaptors (adaptations to others), including protective arm movements and arm-folding; and object adaptors, such as tapping a pencil on a table. One of five types of nonverbal acts according to Ekman and Wallace Friesen (the others being affect displays, emblems, illustrators, and regulators).

Subjects: Media Studies.

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