West Germany's first Chancellor (1949–63). Adenauer was deposed as Mayor of Cologne (Köln) by the Nazis in 1933, and imprisoned twice before 1945. After the war, he led the newly constituted centre‐right Christian Democratic Union. His tenure as Chancellor was notable for Germany's accession to NATO, the co‐founding of the EEC in 1957, and the construction of the ‘social market economy’ combining free market capitalism with state responsibility for citizens' welfare.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — Politics.