(b Neuhaus, Cz., 1907; d Butler, NJ, 1977).
Cz. conductor, pianist, and scholar. Ass. cond. Berlin State Opera 1927–9; cond. Ger. Opera, Prague, 1929–32, Kiev Opera 1933–5, Stalingrad PO 1935–7. Settled in USA 1938. Ass. cond. NY Met 1943, ch. master 1945–73 and a cond. there 1951–68.