(b Vienna, 1905; d Ross, Calif., 1988).
Austrian‐born conductor and impresario. Th. cond. in Vienna, Prague, etc. Ass. to Toscanini, Salzburg 1936. Went to USA as ass. cond. and ch. master Chicago Opera 1938–43. Ch. master, S. Francisco Opera 1943, art. dir. 1953, gen. dir. 1956–81. Hon. CBE 1980.