(b Mannheim, 1928).
Ger.‐born Amer. composer, conductor, and teacher. Dir. of Mus., Temple Emanu‐El, Dallas, 1953–66; cond., Dallas Lyric Th., 1955–7; prof. of comp. N. Texas State Univ., Denton, 1957–66; prof. of comp., Eastman Sch. of Mus. from 1966 (chairman, comp. dept. from 1973). Comps. incl. 4 operas (1959–72), 6 syms. (1953–85), pf. conc., fl. conc., org. conc., 8 str. qts. (1945–90), pf. pieces, and songs.