Swedish painter (sometimes known—from his initials—as GAN), a pioneer of modernism in Scandinavia. From 1912 he made visits to Berlin, where he came into contact with Cubism and Futurism and developed a semi-abstract style (typically expressed in dynamic cityscapes) influenced by Kandinsky and Marc. By 1919 he was painting completely non-figurative works—these are often said to be the first pure abstracts by a Swedish artist, although Eggeling probably contests the distinction with him. In the 1930s Adrian-Nilsson turned to Surrealism and became the focus of a group of Surrealists at Halmstad, a city on the south-western coast of Sweden. Examples of his work are in the Moderna Museet, Stockholm.
From A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art in Oxford Reference.