The territory of the northernmost group of Greek immigrants to the west coast of Asia Minor, covering the coastal strip from the entrance of the Hellespont to the mouth of the Hermus—a linguistic and ethnological unit. The Aeolians, deriving from Boeotia and Thessaly, planted their first settlements in Lesbos c.1000 bc, and thence expanded northwards to Tenedos, and along the mainland coast to the east and south. Most of their cities derived their livelihood from agriculture. The religious centre of the settlements in the south was the temple of Apollo at Gryneum. The chief city was Cyme. The north Aeolian settlements occupied the coastal part of Troas.
Subjects: Classical Studies.