A Greek romance by the 3rd‐cent. ad Syrian Heliodorus of Emesa. The lovers are parted and there is emphasis on travel through strange lands and on maintenance of chastity in the face of temptations, as they seek each other. The intercalated stories have a ‘realistic’ character depicting Greek middle‐class life, in contrast to the romantic adventures that dominate the main narrative. The Aethiopica was printed in 1534 and became widely known through Amyot's French translation (1547) and Underdowne's English version (1569). Sidney's Arcadia, and J. Barclay's Argenis are indebted to it.