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A term coined in 1977 by the US psychologist James Jerome Gibson (1904–79), to refer to a resource or support provided by the environment to an organism, furnishing or affording the organism with an opportunity to act in a particular way. Examples of affordances include a surface that affords physical support, an edible substance that affords an opportunity to eat, and the positioning of an outstretched hand that affords the prospect of shaking hands. See also direct perception.

Subjects: Psychology — Media Studies.

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