(b. 1910, d. 23 June 1989).
Arab nationalist politician Born in Damascus (Syria) as a Greek Orthodox Christian, he became a schoolteacher. In the 1930s, he developed the idea of Arab unity, which would be free from foreign (especially Western capitalist) influence. To this end, in 1943, together with Salah-al-Din al-Bitar, he founded the Ba'ath (Arab Renaissance) Party. After an unsuccessful career in Syrian politics, in 1953 his party merged with the Arab Socialist Party to form the Arab Socialist Renaissance Party. In 1959, he published In the Ways of the Ba'ath, which outlined the movement's ideology, now with strongly anti-Zionist overtones. The movement staged successful coups in Syria (1963) and Iraq (1969), but these Ba'athist regimes were more interested in the maintenance of their own power than in Arab unity.pan-Arabism
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).