In the life cycle of some species (e.g. many members of the Cynipidae) a generation that comprises parthenogenetically reproducing females that are genetically diploid. The unfertilized eggs laid may be male (having undergone meiosis) or female (not having undergone meiosis). In Cynipidae, agamic females usually emerge from stout galls designed to overwinter or to survive a period when resources are scarce.
Subjects: Ecology and Conservation — Zoology and Animal Sciences.