Gnaeus Julius Agricola was governor of Britain between ad 78 and ad 84. Thanks to the biography by his son‐in‐law Tacitus, we know a good deal about his life. He was born in the colonia of Forum Iulii, now Fréjus, in France and served in Britain on two occasions before succeeding Frontinus as governor. During his period of office he campaigned extensively in North Wales, northern England, and Scotland where he inflicted a crushing defeat on the Caledonian tribes at Mons Graupius, probably near Aberdeen. Plans for the total conquest of Scotland were unfulfilled.
Subjects: Archaeology — British History.