(b Cologne, 29 June 1896; d Garmisch-Partenkirchen, 23 July 1979). German baritone. He studied with Karl Niemann in Cologne and made his début at Mönchengladbach in 1929 as Wolfram. He sang at the Kroll Oper, Berlin (1930–31), at the Hamburg Staatsoper (1931–3 and 1946–61), and at the Dresden Staatsoper (1934–44), where he created the role of Schneidebart in Die schweigsame Frau. In 1938 he created the title role in Werner Egk's Peer Gynt at the Berlin Staatsoper. He appeared at Covent Garden in 1936 with the Dresden Staatsoper as Don Giovanni and Count Almaviva, and at the Edinburgh Festival with the Hamburg Staatsoper in 1952 as Paul Hindemith's Mathis. In 1947 he shared the title role in Dantons Tod with Paul Schöffler at the Salzburg Festival, and in 1963 he created Count Almaviva in Giselher Klebe's Figaro lässt sich scheiden at Hamburg. He retired in 1973.
From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.