Founder amir of Tanzeem-i Islami (Islamic Organization). Born in the Indian Punjab; graduated from King Edward Medical College, Lahore, in 1954. Joined the Jamaat-i Islami–affiliated student organization Islami Jamyat-e Talaba and served as its president. Joined the Jamaat-i Islami but resigned in 1957 because of the Jamaat's decision to participate in democratic elections, which, he believed, was antithetical to the “revolutionary methodology” of Islam. Popular for his Quranic lectures. Believes that Islamic renaissance is possible only by revitalizing iman (faith), which can come from reflecting on the wisdom of the Quran. Founded several Islamic organizations, including Tanzeem-i Islami (1975) and Tahreek-i Khilafat (1991). Author of over sixty tracts and books on Islamic topics in Urdu. Believes that reforming society according to Quranic principles will lead to the reestablishment of the Islamic khilafah (caliphate).