Theologian and founder of Shaykhi branch of Twelver Shiism. Born in Bahrain. Known for mystical experiences and spiritual visions. Spent fifteen years in Iran, where he was highly esteemed by the Qajar rulers. Opposed by many ulama. Doctrine of spiritual resurrection only, rather than physical, led to his forced departure for Mecca. Influenced by the Akhbari school and the teachings of Mullah Sadra and his disciples. Stressed the importance of the Shii traditions of the Twelve Imams. Believed that he had a special revelatory mission as the singular spokesperson for the Imam in Occultation.
See also Akhbaris; Shaykhis; Shii Islam