(1898–1983). An IRA commander during the Anglo-Irish War, Aiken was one of the more politically minded opponents of the Anglo-Irish treaty. After succeeding Liam Lynch as IRA chief of staff (Apr. 1923) he took immediate steps to end the Civil War. A founder member of Fianna Fáil, he became minister of defence (1932–9) and then minister for co-ordination of defensive measures (1939–45), giving him a key position in the management of wartime neutrality.
From The Oxford Companion to Irish History in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: European History.