Mus. fest. founded by Gabriel Dusserget in 1948 and held annually in the summer. Perfs. take place in the courtyard of the Archbishop's Palace and in a small th. Dusserget's 1948 prod. of Don Giovanni was in the repertoire for 20 years. Bernard Lefort became dir. in 1974, Louis Erlo in 1980, and Stéphane Lissner in 1998. Operas range from the baroque to the present cent. Int. singers, conds., and dirs. work at Aix each year. Its first Wagner, Das Rheingold, 2006, cond. Rattle, began the building of a complete Ring for 2009.