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City in the Rajasthan state of northwestern India. Founded around 1100, it became an important center of trade and a military base during the Muslim Mughal rule in India. It hosts the mausoleum of the most important Muslim saint of India, Muin al-Din Muhammad Chishti (d. 1236), the founder of the Chishti Sufi order, and the palace of Akbar, the most celebrated of all the Mughal kings who ruled India from 1556 to 1605. Chishti's tomb in Ajmer, visited by Akbar on foot, remains to this day one of the most crowded centers of pilgrimage in India.

Subjects: Islam — Art.

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