Overview

Omar Al-Bashir

(1944)


'Omar Al-Bashir' can also refer to...

Bashir, Omar Hassan al-

Omar Hassan al- Bashir (b. 1989)

Al-Bashir, Omar (7 Jan. 1944)

Al-Bashir, Omar (7 Jan. 1944)

Omar al-Bashir and Africa's longest war

al-Bashir, Omar Hassan Ahmad (7 Jan. 1944)

Situation in Darfur, Sudan, Prosecutor v Al Bashir (Omar Hassan Ahmad), Decision on the cooperation of the Congo, Democratic Republic of, regarding Omar Al Bashir’s arrest and surrender to the Court, ICC-02/05-01/09-195, ICL 1595 (ICC 2014), 9th April 2014, International Criminal Court [ICC]; ICC Pre Trial Chamber III

Situation in Darfur, Sudan, Prosecutor (on the application of Victims) v Al Bashir (Omar Hassan Ahmad), Decision on the non-compliance of the Republic of Chad with the cooperation requests issued by the court regarding the arrest and surrender of Omar Hassan Ahmad Al-Bashir, Case No ICC-02/05-01/09-151, ICL 1566 (ICC 2013), 26th March 2013, ICC Pre Trial Chamber II

Prosecutor v Hassan Ahmad Al-Bashir (Omar), Decision pursuant to Article 87(7) of the Rome Statute on the failure by the Republic of Malawi to comply with the cooperation requests issued by the Court with respect to the arrest and surrender of Omar Hassan Ahmad Al-Bashir, Case no ICC-02/05-01/09-139, ICL 1568 (ICC 2011), 12th December 2011, ICC Pre Trial Chamber I

Situation in Darfur, Prosecutor v Al Bashir (Omar Hassan), Decision pursuant to Article 87(7) of the Rome Statute on the failure by the Republic of Malawi to comply with the cooperation requests issued by the Court with respect to the arrest and surrender of Omar Hassan Ahmad Al Bashir, Case no ICC-02/05-01/09-139, ICL 912 (ICC 2011), 12th December 2011, ICC Pre Trial Chamber I

Situation in Darfur, Sudan, Prosecutor (on the application of Victims) v Al Bashir (Omar Hassan Ahmad), Decision on the Prosecutor’s application for leave to appeal the 'Decision on the Prosecution's application for a warrant of arrest against Omar Hassan Ahmad Al Bashir', Case No ICC-02/05-01/09, ICC-02/05-01/09-21, ICL 871 (ICC 2009), 24th June 2009, International Criminal Court [ICC]; ICC Pre Trial Chamber I

 

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Politics

GO

Show Summary Details

Quick Reference

(b. Hosh Wad, Banaqa, Sudan, 7 Jan. 1944)

Sudanese; President 1993–  Al-Bashir was born into a peasant family. He rose through the ranks of the Sudanese army, attended military college in Cairo, and fought with the Egyptian army in the Yom Kippur war against Israel in 1973. He led the Sudanese military campaign against southern rebels in the civil war between the Muslim/Arab north and the black African Christian/animist south in the 1980s. He led a successful coup against Sudan's elected government in 1989. Political parties were banned and he set up and chaired a Revolutionary Council to run the country, supported by Hassan al-Turabi, an advocate for the formation of an Islamist state. In 1993 al-Bashir dismissed the Revolutionary Council and became President. In 1996 he felt the political position in the country was more stable and called for a presidential election, which he won.

In the late 1990s oil found in the border area between the north and south of the country went into production but the long-running civil war worsened. Al-Bashir was re-elected in disputed elections in 2000 but he then went on to dissolve parliament and declare a state of emergency. In 2003 civil war broke out in the west of the country, in the Darfur region. It was reported that al-Bashir enlisted the Arab/Muslim militia, the Janjaweed, to crush black African rebellion in Darfur. Amid reports of horrific violence and ethnic cleansing, al-Bashir agreed the deployment of a small African Union peacekeeping force in the area.

Al-Bashir signed a peace pact with southern rebels in 2005, ending the 21-year civil war between north and south. However, the Darfur conflict worsened and scenes of appalling violence were witnessed. In 2008, al-Bashir eventually allowed in a joint UN/AU peacekeeping force, but accusations were made against him to the International Criminal Court in the Hague, and in 2009 the ICC issued an arrest warrant against him citing crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide, the first time it has issued such a warrant for a current head of state.

Subjects: Politics.


Reference entries

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.