(d. 1101)

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Clement III (1080)

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Quick Reference

(antipope 1101: d. ?)

Immediately after the arrest and imprisonment of Antipope Theoderic in early 1101, the adherents of the earlier antipope Clement III gathered in the church of SS. Apostoli and elected Albert, cardinal bishop of Silva Candida (S. Rufina), to succeed him. Little is known about him except that he must have been appointed and consecrated bishop by Clement by 1084, and that when the Clementine cardinals wrote in Aug. 1098 summoning their Gregorian opponents, with the promise of a safe conduct, to a synod to meet in Rome on 1 Nov., his name headed the list of signatories. When news of his election got abroad there was rioting in the city, and he sought refuge in the house of a Clementine sympathizer near S. Marcello (a Clementine centre). Before it came to a serious struggle, however, his protector John, son of Ocdolinde, succumbed to bribery and handed him over to Paschal II. After being stripped of his insignia, publicly humiliated, and briefly imprisoned in a tower at the Lateran, he was sentenced to lifelong confinement in the monastery of S. Lorenzo at Aversa, just north of Naples, where the Normans could be relied upon to ensure his safe custody. Nothing is known of his later history or the date of his death.

Further Reading

LP ii. 298, 345JW i. 773MGLiblit 2: 405–7P. Kehr, ‘Zur Geschichte Wiberts von Ravenna (Clemens III)’, SAB (1921), 980–98C. Servatius, Paschalis II (Stuttgart, 1979), 42 f., 71 f., 339EC i. 687 (P. Brezzi)Levillain i. 17 (G. Schwaiger)

Subjects: Christianity.

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