(27 Sept. 1902, d. 14 May 1983).
President of Mexico 1946–52 Born in Sayula, Jalisco, he became a qualified lawyer who became state Governor of Vera Cruz in 1936 and Minister of the Interior under President Ávìla Camacho. The first civilian President since the Revolution (1911), he reorganized the ruling Partido de la Revolución Mexicana (PRM) into the Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI). He inaugurated a programme of industrialization and economic development, while protecting the nascent industries with high import tariffs. He also laid the foundations for Mexico's tourist industry, which subsequently developed into a crucial hard-currency earner for the economy. He was never particularly popular, largely because of alleged government corruption.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).