King of Scotland (1214–49). He succeeded William the Lion. After supporting the English barons in the first Barons' War against King John he had to suppress revolts in Moray (1221), Argyll (1222), Caithness (1222), and Galloway (1224). His campaigns against England and the Norse in the Western Isles (1249) were motivated by territorial ambitions.
Subjects: British History.