Alexander VII


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Pope from 1655. As a theologian he held strongly anti-Jansenist views, and to make Jansenist subterfuge impossible, in 1656 he condemned the five propositions from the Augustinus in the sense in which C. O. Jansen had meant them. In this he was supported by Louis XIV of France, but later, when Louis threatened to invade the States of the Church, Alexander had to sign the humiliating peace of Pisa (1664). In 1665 and 1666 he condemned several Probabilist propositions, though not the system as a whole.

Subjects: Christianity.

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