New York City-born author and educator, after graduation from Brooklyn College and previous service in the army went to Harvard on a GI scholarship, remaining there as a faculty member (1954–) after receiving an M.A. and a Ph.D. His first play, Agamemnon (1954), is an adaptation of Aeschylus' drama in verse, with a modern setting and situation. Hogan's Goat (1966), also a verse play, is a lively treatment of Irish-American life and politics in Brooklyn during the 1890s and was adapted by Alfred as a musical. Cry for Us All (1970). The Curse of an Aching Heart (1982) is a play also located in Brooklyn but during the 1940s.