A term referring to differences in the coiling behavior shown by chromosomal segments or whole chromosomes. Allocyclic behavior characterizes the pericentric heterochromatin, the nucleolus organizer, and in some species entire sex chromosomes. If a chromosome or chromosomal segment is tightly condensed in comparison with the rest of the chromosomal complement, the chromosome or chromosomal segment is said to show positive heteropycnosis (q.v.). Allocycly is also used to describe asynchronous separation of bivalents during the first anaphase in meiosis. In man, for example, the X and Y chromosomes segregate ahead of the autosomes and are said to show positive allocycly.
Subjects: Genetics and Genomics.