Jean Charles Adolphe Alphand


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French landscape-architect and civil engineer. Under Haussmann Alphand, with Jean-Pierre Barillet-Deschamps (1824–75), carried out numerous schemes for laying out straight avenues, and designed many public gardens and parks, including those of the Bois de Boulogne (1854), Bois de Vincennes (1860), Monceau (1862), Buttes-Chaumont (1864–9), and Montsouris (1869). Of these, Buttes-Chaumont was the most elaborate, with a lake, streams, a waterfall, and artificial grottoes. With Barillet-Deschamps and É. -F. André, he created the botanic gardens at La Muette (1860—moved to Boulogne in 1895), and in 1867 became supervisor of the public ways of Paris. After 1871 he was put in charge of all public works, which included the cemeteries (e.g. Bagneux of 1886). He oversaw the layouts and landscaping of the International Exhibitions in Paris in 1867, 1878, and 1889.

W. Robinson (1869);Jane Turner (1996)

Subjects: Architecture.

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