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Altichiero

(d. c. 1364)


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(active 1370s and 1380s).

Italian painter. He was the outstanding north Italian painter of the 14th century, but little is known of his life. He probably came from Zevio near Verona and is sometimes considered the founder of the Veronese School, but most of his surviving work is in Padua, in the form of two impressive fresco cycles: at the church of S. Antonio (the Santo) he painted a large Crucifixion and scenes from the life of St James (c.1372–9); and at the Oratorio di S. Giorgio he painted scenes from the lives of Christ and Sts George, Catherine, and Lucy (c.1377–84). In the second cycle he is said to have collaborated with an artist called Avanzo, who is otherwise unknown and whose contribution to the work is uncertain. A document of 1393 implies that Altichiero had died by then. The solidity and solemnity of his figures clearly reveal his debt to Giotto's frescos in the Arena Chapel of Padua, but his sense of pageantry, vivid colouring, and wealth of naturalistic detail look forward to the International Gothic style.

Subjects: Art.


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