Russian painter, stage-designer, and graphic artist, born at Vinnitsa. He studied at the Odessa Art School, 1901–7, and the Académie Russe in Paris, 1910–12. From 1912 to 1921 he lived in St Petersburg; he was in Moscow 1921–8, in France 1928–35, and then again in St Petersburg (or Leningrad as it had now been renamed) for the rest of his life. In the 1910s he was active in the Union of Youth and took part in many avant-garde exhibitions, including those of the Knave of Diamonds. He painted portraits, landscapes, and still-lifes, his most famous work being the dazzling portrait of the poet Anna Akhmatova (1915, Russian Museum, St Petersburg), one of the masterpieces of Russian Futurism.