(b Priego de Córdoba, 23 Apr. 1768; d Madrid, 26 Nov. 1827).
The leading Spanish sculptor of the Neoclassical period. He spent much of his career in Rome (1805–25), where he was a friend and disciple of Canova, and he is sometimes called ‘the Spanish Canova’. His work included classical subjects and portraits, but his best-known piece is the marble Defence of Saragossa (1823) on the façade of the Prado, Madrid, celebrating Spanish heroism during the Peninsular War.