Acronym, meaning “hope,” for Afwaj al-Muqawamah al-Lubnaniyah (Lebanese Resistance Detachments). Populist Lebanese Shii political movement. Emerged in 1975 as a branch of the Harakat al-Mahrumin under the leadership of Sayyid Musa al-Sadr. Became prominent during 1978 hostilities between Israel and Lebanon, as it acted to reduce the influence of the Palestine Liberation Organization in southern Lebanon and to protect Shiis against Israeli retaliatory strikes. Became the largest Shii organization in Lebanon and the most dynamic force in its politics by the 1982 Israeli invasion. Has played a central role in the quest of Lebanon's Shiis for dignity and political power. Current head, Nabih Berri, ascended to the position of parliamentary speaker in 1991, indicating AMAL's willingness to work within the parliamentary system.
See also Harakat al-Mahrumin; Lebanon, Islam in