Shii scholars from Jabal Amil (south Lebanon). Founders of eminent madrasas in the regions of Jabal Amil, Karak Nuh, and Balabak in Syria. Most noteworthy were al-Shahid al-Awwal (d. 1384); al-Shahid al-Thani (d. 1558), his son Sahib al-Maalim (d. 1602), and his nephew Sahib al-Madarik (d. 1600); al-Muhaqqiq al-Karaki (d. 1533) and his two grandsons, al-Mujtahid (d. 1592) and Mir Damad (d. 1631/32); Husayn ibn Abd al-Samad (d. 1576) and his son Bahai (d. 1621); Ahmad ibn Zayn al-Abidin (d. 1644); Lutfullah al-Maysi (d. 1622/23); and Muhammad al-Hurr (d. 1699). Numerous sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Amili scholars migrated to Mecca, Iraq, Iran, and India. Rose to the highest religious offices of the Safavid Empire (1501–1736). Divided between Akhbaris (traditionists) and Usulis (rationalists), the Amilis shaped clerical authority in Iran.
See also Akhbaris; Usulis