Inhabitants of land east of the River Jordan (= modern state of Jordan, whose capital is Amman): there was intermittent warfare between Israel and Ammon with oscillating fortunes. In spite of victories by Saul (1 Sam. 11) and David (2 Sam. 12) the Ammonites survived, and enjoyed a prosperous century (the 7th bce), protected by the Assyrians.
Subjects: Biblical Studies.