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Nomadic people of western Mesopotamia, instrumental in the collapse of the Ur III kingdom around 2000 bc, who then settled amongst the Babylonians and integrated with them. The first eminent Amorite king was Gungunum, part of the Larsa Dynasty. In the early 2nd millennium bc an Amorite Dynasty emerged at Babylon under Sumuabum, initiating the Old Babylonian period from soon after 2000 bc down to 1600 bc. The later Amorite capital was Mari on the middle Euphrates. The Amorites eventually amalgamated with the Canaanites, and in later times can be identified with a small kingdom and associated language group in northern Syria.

Subjects: Religion — Archaeology.

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