A Japanese ultra-nationalist organization often mistranslated as the ‘Black Dragon Society’, which, before 1945, promoted Japan's conquest of east Asia. It was established as a successor to other groups in 1901 by Uchida Ryôhei with the support of leading figures on the ultra-nationalist fringe. This was an influential but small grouping of activists which promoted Japan's expansion into Manchuria and the war with Russia. The Society was able to forward its policies both with the support of sympathizers among Japan's ruling establishment and through the more direct actions of its members, who combined espionage, agitation, assassination, and scholarship at home and abroad to pursue their objectives.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).